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CELEBRATING 59 YEARS in 2017

Copyright Simon Richards and Newburgh Sailing club 2017

4000 BCE                  Phoenicians and Egyptians sail under cloth sails on single log and simple long narrow sailboats.


3000 BCE – 900        Square sails are common

2000 BCE                  Extensive sailing trading networks starts at the Mediterranean Sea. Iceboats in Scandinavia


1200 BCE                  Greek and Phoenician big cargo ships along the Mediterranean


500 BCE                    Phoenicians built ships with two big masts

100 BCE                    The Roman Empire has largest cargo and passenger ships of 180 by 45 feet


400s                          First catamarans along the Southeast Asian coasts


900                            Lanteen and Triangle sails are used


1000 – 1200              The Vikings built 80 feet long and 17 feet wide sailboats for war, trading and colonizing


1000                          Norse explorer Leif Eiriksson probably the first European to land in North America


1200                          First viking longboats and British merchant sailboats are made with small holes from which bowmen could fire their guns


15th century            The Barque or later Bark with sails running breadthways


1492                          Italian navigator Christopher Columbus lands in the Americas


1497                          Voyage of Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama from Europe to India


1500 – 1650              Sail makers start using flax fibre to create sails


1500                          Governments accept private sailing warships - privateers - to attack foreign shipping


1512                          Portuguese maritime explorer Ferdinand Magellan sails from Spain in order to find a western route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.

                                  But he travels from the west of Africa to southern America


1660                          King Charles II introduces sport sailing in England. Dutch shipyards give British King Charles a small sailboat, named the Royal Yacht Mary


1680                          The Barca-longa two or three-masted lugger in Spain, Portugal and in the Mediterranean Sea


17th century            The Bermuda rig or Marconi rig with mast and rigging is created in Bermuda


1720                          World's first yachting club founded in Ireland, the Water Club of Cork


1760                          HMS Victory is constructed for of the British Royal Navy, and is used at the Battle of Trafalgar with Commander Lord Nelson.

                                  Now in Portsmouth as a museum.


1768 – 1771              Explorer James Cook is the first to cross over through Cape Horn, through the Pacific and discover east coast of the continent of Australia and New Zealand


1790                          First iceboat at the Hudson River in New York


1797                          Edmund Hartt Shipyard launches the USS Constitution of the US Navy


18th Century           Barquetine vessels with three or more masts are built


1830                          From now on flax is replaced by cotton


1844                          The New York Yacht Club is founded


1851 – 1983              U S sailors win numerous international sailboat races of the America Cup


1851                          First Annual Regatta around the Isle of Wight between American and British competitors


1860                          Yoal aka Ness Yoal used in the Shetland Islands


1884                          The Fisherman's Wharf builds the first American Felucca traditional wooden sailing boats, normally used in the Red Sea and along the Nile.


1869                          The Cutty Sark merchant clipper is built by Scott & Linton shipyard. Now in dry dock at Greenwich near London


1878                          Russell and Company in Port Glasgow, Inverclyde, Scotland builds the four masted full rigged Falls of Clyde. Now a museum ship in Honolulu, Hawaii


1895                          Hans Bendixsen builds the schooner C.A. Thayer for the lumber trade at the American west coast


19th Century           Sailing becomes an Olympic sport in Paris


1902                          The German steel hulled five masted ship-rigged windjammer Preussen is built


1904                          William Hamilton builds the four masted steel Kurt - now called Moshulu - in Scotland. Now a floating restaurant in Philadelphia

1906                          The Transpacific Yacht Race to Hawaii ocean race is created by Hawaiian King Kalakaua


1911                          The four masted barque Peking is constructed in Hamburg, Germany by Blohm & Voss


1920                          First aerodynamics designs for increasing speed


1927                          Echevarrieta y Larrinaga shipyard in Cadiz, Spain constructs the four masted topsail, steel-hulled schooner

                                  Named after Spanish explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano


1928                          The Santa Cruz Yacht Club is founded in California


1930                          The Italian Navy Shipyard designs the full rigged three masted steel hull Amerigo Vespucci tall ship


1933                          The three mast barque Gorch Fock I, formerly known as Tovarishch and Gorch Fock, is launched as Kriegsmarine school ship


1936                          The USCGC Eagle barque United States Coast Guard training cutter is constructed by Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg for the German Kriegsmarine


1949                          The Optimist Dinghy is introduced by Clark Mills


1949                          Jack Holt designs the GP14


1950                          The two masted sailing craft Yawl is prepared for ocean racing


1956                          The Sail Training International Race Committee organizes the first Cutty Sark Tall Ships' Races.


1956                          Jack Holt designs the Solo

1957                          Gordon Douglass invents the Thistle and the Highlander


1958                          The Daily Sailer is built by George O'Day and the Flying Scot by Gordon Douglass


1960                          German engineer Wilhelm Pröls invents the Dynaship or Dyna Rig concept. The 12-foot Aqua Cats is created by Art Javes


1962                          The Ensign is designed by Carl Alberg


1967                          Francis Chichester makes a nonstop around the world solo sailing tour in the Golden Globe race. He is the first in the history of the sailboat


1971                          The Laser invented by Bruce Kirby and the Sabre 28 is built by Roger Hewson


1972                          Hobie Alter creates the Hobie 16


1976                          The J-24 is presented by Rodney Johnston and the Toulon dockyard in France constructs the Phocea, world's largest sailing yacht till 2004


1979                          The Sonar is designed Bruce Kirby


1981                          The Irish national sail training vessel Asgard II is launched


1983                          Australia wins the America Cup for the first time in sailboat history. The J-35 is designed by Rodney Johnstone


1987                          The US wins the the America Cup


1990s                        Hobie Cat creates the twin sail trimaran TriFoiler


1995 – 2000              New Zealand wins the America Cup


1997                          The Whitbread Race becomes the Volvo Ocean Race


20th Century           The steel-hulled five masted full-rigged tall cruise ship Royal Clipper is constructed by Zygmunt Choren.


2003                          Switzerland wins the America Cup. The largest single-masted yacht ever is built for entrepeneur Joe Vittoria: the sloop-rigged super sail yacht Mirabella V


2004                          Royal Huisman Shipyard the clipper-bowed three masted gaff-rigged luxury sailing yacht Athena. The largest yacht in sailboat history


2006                          Two of the largest private sailing yachts in the world are built.

                                  The Eos, a three masted Bermuda rigged schooner at the German Lürssen yard and the Maltese Falcon clipper for American entrepeneur Tom Perkins

2009                          Hydroptère breaks the outright world record, sustaining a speed of 52.86 knots (97.90 km/h) for 500m in 30 knots of wind

2009                          John Cameron and Peter Low become the first ever winners of “
The Fourteen” at Newburgh Sailing Club

A brief look at some of the milestones in the history of sail from around 4000 BC until 2009